Tannic Acid-induced Modulation of Poly(ADP-Ribose) Glycohydrolase and NAD+ Content in Rat Liver and Thymocyte Nuclei

Anush L. Asatryan


Objective: The goal of the present study was to determine whether the treatment of intact rats with
tannic acid (TA) could alter activities of the main players in poly(ADP-ribose) (PAR) polymers
turnover. Materials and Methods: Animals were treated according to the regulations of the National Center of
Bioethics (Armenia). Cell nuclei were isolated according to standard procedure. PAR polymerase 1 (PARP 1)
activity was evaluated by NAD+ consumption. PAR glycohydrolase (PARG) protein was estimated by sandwich
ELISA method. Data are expressed as mean ± standard deviation (SD). Statistical differences in the results
between groups were evaluated by the Student’s t-test. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results:
The results demonstrate relatively stable stimulation of PARP 1 activity in liver and thymocyte nuclei of rats
treated with TA. TA stimulated PARP 1 activation in thymocyte and liver nuclei is paralleled with drop in NAD+
content for more than 30% below basal level. The concentration of PARG in liver nuclei exceeded the basal
value of PARG content in thymocyte nuclei nearly 3.5-fold. In 24 h after administration of TA to animals the
content of PARG protein in thymocyte nuclei decreased by 30%. Decrease of PARG content in liver nuclei was
more substantial and proceeded for 48 h after the treatment of rats with TA. Conclusion: TA-induced stimulation
of PARP 1 in liver and thymocyte nuclei paralleled with decrease in NAD+ and PARG content could alter PAR
polymer turnover and mediate genotoxic effect of TA revealed by light microscopy examination of liver.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22377/ajp.v13i04.3410


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