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This paper focuses on China-India rivalry in health diplomacy in South Asia. To increase their geopolitical
influence particularly in South Asia, both countries continue to prioritize health diplomacy in their foreign
policies. China was given the responsibility for starting COVID-19, but concurrently, the same nation had taken
advantage of the global-health crisis using its health diplomacy at global level as a soft power instrument for
expanding its strategic influence in terms of hegemony. The paper also highlights the tussle between India and
China for strategic influence in South Asia. This paper examines India and China’s global health diplomacy during
COVID-19 particularly in South Asia. According to author, both countries compete with each other in South Asia.
The author concludes that China utilized the COVID situation better than India to improve its relations with South
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