Formulation and Evaluation of Negatively Charged Liposomes of Sertraline Hydrochloride for Antidepressant Activity

Ruchi Chawla

Abstract


Introduction: In the present study, liposomes of sertraline hydrochloride were formulated for use in depression. Materials and Methods: The liposomes were formulated by film hydration technique and were characterized for surface morphology, particle size, drug entrapment, and drug release potential. The antidepressant-like activity was studied using chronic unpredictable mild stress procedure and then further, the responsiveness toward treatment as measured by changes in swimming, immobility, and struggling behavior of rats. Results: Negatively charged liposomes with an average size of 154 nm showed controlled drug release. Behavioral studies on stress-induced rat model showed a significant increase in the swimming and immobility time and a decrease in the struggling behavior of animals in comparison to a marketed sertraline hydrochloride formulation. Conclusions: The antidepressant-like activity was studied using chronic unpredictable mild stress procedure and then further, the responsiveness toward treatment as measured by changes in swimming, immobility, and struggling behavior of rats.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22377/ajp.v14i2.3616

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